Child Support Collections

The first step in establishing child support collections (payments) is to attain a legal court order for child support. In setting up a child support order, the court will determine the amount of money to be paid by the non-custodial parent each month.

This amount will be based upon the pre-established child support guidelines that are designated by each state. These guidelines take into consideration such factors as the financial needs of the child, the custodial situation, and the economic resources of both parents.

If the child is in foster care, the court order may determine that both parents are bound to pay child support. Most states also require that health insurance coverage be provided for children; therefore the court order for child support may also include a provision outlining the medical support for the children.

Child Support Collections
These days, income withholding is the preferred method of child support collection in most states. This method allows the non-custodial parent’s employer to automatically deduct child support payments from his or her paycheck just as income taxes are deducted. These funds are then sent directly to the state’s child support collections agency for disbursement to the custodial parent.

Collecting Back Child Support
In addition to income withholding, most states can also utilize other methods for enforcing a court order for child support and collecting past due child support payments. These methods include credit bureau reporting, establishing liens against real and personal property; license denial or suspension, revoking passports; intercepting tax refunds, lottery winnings, unemployment funds, or workers’ compensation payments; garnishing bank accounts, and enforcement through the courts.

1. Credit Rating: When a non-custodial parent owes past due child support payments, the state child support agency may report this delinquency to the consumer credit bureaus that track credit records. This can affect the debtor’s ability to secure a loan, obtain employment, or establish a new credit card.


2. Liens: According to the child support laws in most states, the state child support agency can place a lien on certain types of real property owned by the non-custodial parent such as his or her house or car. This lien will prevent the non-custodial parent from selling the property until all the debt is paid. In addition, some states allow the child support agency to seize the property as payment for past due child support payments.

3. License: Many state child support agencies can work in cooperation with other state and federal agencies to request that a non-custodial parent who is in arrears for child support payments has certain licenses denied or revoked. These include driver’s licenses, recreational licenses, passports, and professional licenses.

4. Intercepting Other Sources of Income: If a non-custodial owes past-due child support payments, the state child support collection agency may intercept other sources of income, such as tax refunds, lottery winnings, unemployment funds, or workers’ compensation payments to repay the debt. The amount intercepted will be no more than the amount of delinquent support owed.

5. Garnishing Accounts: Child support agencies can also garnish a non-custodial parent’s bank accounts or investments in order to pay for past due child support payments.

6. Judicial Actions: In severe cases, when the state has not been successful at obtaining child support payments using the other enforcement methods mentioned above, the child support agency may ask to courts to take action against the debtor. He or she may be subject to jail time or required to post bond agreeing to pay their child support payments on time in the future.

The links below will guide you to sites that will provide services on how to collect your past due child support laws.

If you need official legal advice please use our free referral service. You will be able to find a lawyer that can help Here

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