In the State of Nevada, child support services are administered through the Division of Welfare and Supportive Services under the Department of Health and Human Services.
Child support assistance is provided through the Child Support Enforcement Program; however, services are rendered by the local district attorneys and other public agencies.
The child support program in the state of Nevada, like similar programs in states across the country, was federally mandated under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act and was established by Child Support Law 93-647.
Child Support Laws & Services
The child support program in the state of Nevada aims to help families with the following services:
1.Locating absent parents 2.Establishing paternity 3.Establishing child support orders 4.Securing medical support orders 5.Enforcing child support orders 6.Reviewing and modifying child support orders 7.Collecting child support payments 8.Disbursing child support payments
Nevada Child Support Offices
Nevada’s State Child Support Enforcement Program maintains a central administrative office and three program area offices. The program area offices are responsible for processing TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families), Child Welfare, Non-TANF Medical Assistance, and services for families who have discontinued the TANF program.
The three state offices provide services to the following areas:
1.Reno Program Area Office
2.Elko Program Area Office
* White Pine
3.Las Vegas Program Area Office
Qualifying For Child Support
Families who receive Temporary Assistance for Needy Children or Medicaid automatically receive services from Nevada Child Support Laws Program. These services are available to anyone who is responsible for the custody and care of a child, regardless of whether or not they are single or divorced or even related to the child.
In addition to child support payments, the non-custodial parent may be responsible for providing health insurance coverage for the child or children involved. The Nevada child support program aims to ensure that child support orders establish health insurance coverage as part of a child’s monthly support. The court will determine which parent is responsible for providing health insurance coverage. If this coverage is available at a reasonable cost from either parent’s employer, the court order for child support may stipulate that it be provided.
Locating A Non-Custodial Parent
It is necessary to know the non-custodial parent’s location in order to initiate child support services. Nevada child support enforcement office can assist you in trying to find the non-custodial parent in order to establish paternity and/or establish, change, or enforce orders for child support.
Employees at the child support enforcement office can utilize the Federal Parent Locator Service to locate a non-custodial parent. This service includes information from the Federal Case Registry and the National Directory of New Hires that helps state and Federal government agencies keep track of individuals across state lines.
In order for a child support order to be established, your child’s paternity must first be determined. Establishing legal paternity gives a child many rights, including child support, government benefits, and access to medical records.
There are several methods you can use to establish the paternity of your child.
The Nevada child support program offers voluntary in-hospital paternity acknowledgement and genetic testing to help parents establish paternity. Voluntary in-hospital paternity acknowledgement involves simply filling out a form at the hospital. This is obviously the simplest method.
Genetic testing can also be performed at the request of either party in disputed paternity cases.
If the alleged father lives in another state, the staff at Nevada’s child support enforcement office can work across state lines with staff at comparable agencies to obtain genetic testing, establish a child support order and enforce child support payments.
Establishing Nevada Child Support Order
Once paternity is established, a court order can be established that mandates the amount of money to be paid by the non-custodial parent, and in some cases, how it is to be paid. This amount is determined using guidelines established by Nevada child support law. In the State of Nevada, as in most states, child support guidelines are used to determine the amount of child support that will be mandated in each case.
These guidelines take into account the financial status of both parents and the financial needs of the child. In order to establish the amount of financial support to be paid, the court will consider income from all sources such as wages, tips, commissions, interest payments, self-employment earnings, bonuses, unemployment benefits, disability payments, lottery winnings, workers’ compensation payments, dividends, rental income, social security or retirement benefits, as well as any other payments or credits.
Once a Nevada child support order has been established, payments will be required until the child emancipates or until otherwise noted in the child support order. Under Nevada state law, a parent's obligation to pay child support continues until the child becomes eighteen years of age. Under certain circumstances (if the child is unmarried and attending high school full time), the current obligation may continue until the child is nineteen.
Reviewing Nevada Child Support Laws
Child support enforcement staff will review a child support order at least every three years at the request of either parent. In addition, one or both parents can request a review at any time if there has been a significant change in the financial status of either parent or in the custody of the child. For instance, if the non-custodial parent loses his or her job, or if the child no longer resides with the custodial parent, a review of the child support order may be necessary.
In order to have a child support order reviewed, you must contact your local child support enforcement office to request a modification of the child support order and then cooperate in the review process by providing the requested financial and visitation information.